calderdalesos

Austerity & the Deficit

Austerity Isn't Working

 

From Left Futures 28.2.2012

Austerity isn’t working. The disastrous Tory economic experiment has left the economy stagnating, household incomes falling at their fastest rate in decades and unemployment soaring towards three million.

Even by the criteria the government has set itself, that of reducing the deficit, it is failing. The Tories are set to borrow £158 billion more than they planned!

In contrast to the government’s rhetoric, the most vulnerable are being hit hardest. A generation of young people is having its hopes ripped away. The Tories seem to think that one-in-five young people being out of work is a price worth paying.

Despite this, the Tories are ploughing on regardless with much worse to come. In the Autumn Statement the Tories extended deep spending cuts and pay squeezes for two more years and so into the next parliament. The Institute for Fiscal Studies has warned that 88% of the benefit cuts and 94% of cuts to government departmental spending are still to happen.

Read more

 

Economic myths and realities

The False Economy guide to current economic myths – and their archive of articles and blogs that debunk them. Also from False Economy:

5 things you need to know about the deficit

1 The deficit is not the same as public spending The deficit is the gap between public spending (the amount the government spends) and tax revenue (the amount it raises in taxes). So public spending isn’t the only thing that matters: if tax revenue falls, the deficit increases. That’s one reason why tax avoidance and evasion are so bad for the economy.2 The deficit has increased because of the banking crash and recession that followed

Before 2008, the Labour government was running a relatively small deficit – less than that of the previous Conservative government. But the banking crash and recession caused tax revenue to go down (for instance companies made smaller profits and so paid less corporation tax) and public spending to go up (people lost their jobs and so received more benefits).

3. Cutting spending can cause tax revenue to fallCutting public spending puts public sector workers out of work. This means they no longer pay taxes or spend as much in local shops and businesses, worsening the recession. So cutting the public sector has a knock-on effect on the private sector – and the result is the government collects less of the taxes that would help cut the deficit

4. Spending cuts can cause public spending to riseYes, you read that right. Governments can choose to cut, say, youth centre workers or carers for elderly people. This is called discretionary spending. But by putting people on the dole such cuts cause spending on unemployment and other benefits to rise. This is called mandatory spending and is determined largely by the state of the economy, not Treasury targets. Instead of paying people to provide useful public services, we pay out more in benefits.

5 Economic growth can shrink the deficit. Ultimately we need economic growth to reduce the deficit. Otherwise we are stuck in a vicious circle, with more cuts leading to lower tax revenue and higher spending on benefits – which leads to calls for yet more cuts. But right now there is little demand in the economy and companies are unwilling to invest. The only way out is for government to fill the gap, by switching from cuts to investment.

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